5 Steps in the Software Testing Process


Nowadays, in such a highly competitive industry, demand for new applications and functionality is becoming more important. With the increased demand, quality assurance companies are improving their skills to meet deadlines.

Testing is a part of the software development life cycle. A complete testing process involves the following basic steps:

1. Planning and Control

2. Analysis and Design

3. Implementation and Execution

4. Estimating Exit Criteria and Reporting

5. Test Closure Activities

1. Planning and Control

Planning and control involve the following main activities.

I. To evaluate the scope and risk and identify the goals

II. To plan the basic approach.

 Software Testing Process

III. To implement the test strategy and policy. It is an important part of the software development cycle. It is designed to inform the tester, developers, and project manager about the testing process’s key issues. This consists of the testing objectives, its approach, total time, and resources required to complete the project.

Test control involves following important activities.

I. To analyze the results of testing

II. To estimate the test coverage, documentation, and exit criteria

III. To give complete project information

IV. To make decisions

2. Analysis and Design

Test Analysis and Design

Activities involved in this phase are:

To examine the test basisit is the information needed to start test cases and analysis. This documentation helps create test cases and design specifications, such as requirements, risk analysis, interfaces, and architecture.

I. To determine test cases

II. To design the workflow

III. To examine the testability of the system and requirements

3. Implementation and Execution

In this phase, we convert the test requirements into test cases and write scripts for automation. In test cases, we specify conditions under which we check whether the software returns the correct output.

4. Estimating Exit Criteria and Reporting

Depending on the risk analysis of the project, we fix the criteria for each test level. The selected criteria vary from software to software and are called exit criteria.

Exit criteria take place when

1) Maximum test cases are executed with a certain pass percentage.

2) Number of bugs falls at a certain level

3) When achieved the deadlines.

5. Test Closure Activities

Test Closure Activities are performed when the project is delivered. It contains the following list of activities.

I. To determine that planned outcomes are delivered to ensure that reports and bugs have been resolved.

II. To complete scripts and test environments for future use.

III. To analyze the complete process and determine what extra points can be added to future projects.