Steps for Conducting Computer Forensics Investigations


The domain of computer forensics investigation is expanding exponentially in the light of the legal legitimacy that has been corroborated recently by information technology professionals, especially in the field of cybercrime investigations. The contemporary aggravation caused by cybercrime has ensued a necessity for tracing malignant online activities in order to protect citizens, as well as preserving public and national security, and safeguarding governmental and law enforcement agencies.

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Computer forensics permits connecting the dots among cyber communications and the physical evidence discovered in the crime scenes to deduce a veritable conclusion with regard to the cause, the motives and the consequences of the event in question.

Following are some of the indispensable steps involved in computer forensics that aid in the investigation of a crime.

Methodical Process of Investigation

It is obligatory for computer forensic analysts to advance in a methodical manner to ensure a proper legal proceeding. Thereby, the involvement of the latest and the most reliable technological equipment is not just preferable but also required. If a digital forensic analyst is disorderly in their handling of the information, it might lead to an impediment, or worse still, a false conviction in court or a miscarriage of justice. It is advisable for the computer forensic analyst to come up with a plan and follow it by the letter to ensure a fair trial.

Securing an Apt Procedure

The information retrieved by computer forensics, whether it is the regarding criminal cyber activity, criminal conspiracy or the intent to commit a crime, is highly sensitive. In other words, this information can be manipulated and reworked in favor of or against a certain party involved. Cybersecurity professionals are conscientious of the sensitivity of this issue and are meticulous in the handling and the preservation of this information. In light of this fact, it is mandatory to adhere to a fixed rulebook for the proceedings and the investigating of a crime. This set of rules could be inclusive of the time of information retrieval or the recovery of the digital evidence at hand, where to store it safely, and how to sustain the legitimacy of this evidence.

Assessing the Evidence

This is one of the most crucial determinants in an investigation aided by computer forensics. The analyst must have a concise understanding of the crime and must have each and every detail jotted down at their disposal so as to correspond it to the discovery of evidence. They have to qualify an evidence against this information and make sure to preserve this evidence with care. Apart from that, they must also be certain of the relevance and the veracity of the sources for all the evidence collected in the case.

Archiving and Reporting the Evidence

The duty of a computer forensic analyst extends beyond the mere collection of data. They are also required to archive the data and prepare a report on the findings in a manner that is admissible in court. The interpretations and inferences that are drawn, thereby, have to be presentable and verifiable through legal means. This is crucial to establish the reliability of the evidence presented, and especially so if this information has been archived by a certified computer forensic examiner.

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