The domain of computer forensics investigation is expanding exponentially in the light of the legal legitimacy that has been corroborated recently by information technology professionals, especially in the field of cybercrime investigations. The contemporary aggravation caused by cybercrime has ensued a necessity for tracing malignant online activities to protect citizens and preserve public and national security and safeguard governmental and law enforcement agencies.
Computer forensics permits connecting the dots among cyber communications and the physical evidence discovered in the crime scenes to deduce a veritable conclusion concerning the cause, the motives, and the consequences of the event in question.
Following are some of the indispensable steps involved in computer forensics that aid in investigating a crime.
Methodical Process of Investigation
Computer forensic analysts must advance methodically to ensure a proper legal proceeding. Thereby, the involvement of the latest and the most reliable technological equipment is not just preferable but also required. If a digital forensic analyst is disorderly in their handling of the information, it might lead to an impediment, or worse still, a false conviction in court or a miscarriage of justice. The computer forensic analyst should develop a plan and follow it by the letter to ensure a fair trial.
Securing an Apt Procedure
The information retrieved by computer forensics, whether it regards criminal cyber activity, criminal conspiracy, or the intent to commit a crime, is compassionate. In other words, this information can be manipulated and reworked in favor of or against a certain party involved. Cybersecurity professionals are conscientious of this issue’s sensitivity and are meticulous in the handling and preservation of this information. In light of this fact, it is mandatory to adhere to a fixed rulebook for the proceedings and investigate a crime. This set of rules could be inclusive of the time of information retrieval or the recovery of the digital evidence at hand, where to store it safely, and how to sustain the legitimacy of this evidence.
Assessing the Evidence
This is one of the most crucial determinants in an investigation aided by computer forensics. The analyst must have a concise understanding of the crime and must have every detail jotted down at their disposal to correspond to evidence discovery. They have to qualify evidence against this information and make sure to preserve this evidence with care. Apart from that, they must also be certain of the relevance and the veracity of the sources for all the evidence collected in the case.
Archiving and Reporting the Evidence
The duty of a computer forensic analyst extends beyond the mere collection of data. They are also required to archive the data and prepare a report on the findings in a court-admissible manner. Therefore, the interpretations and inferences that are drawn have to be presentable and verifiable through legal means. This is crucial to establish the reliability of the evidence presented, and especially so if a certified computer forensic examiner has archived this information.
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